A report made by Arab Social Media Influencers Summit 2015, that is the first event of its kind in the region for social media channels influencers, enthusiasts and professionals. The report provides an overview on the social media reality in the Arab world through the monitoring of social media trends. The study covered the different Arab countries including Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Jordan and Iraq.
- Artwick, Claudette (2013) Reporters on Twitter, Digital Journalism 1(2), 212 –228.
The article examines how reporters in US newspapers use Twitter. More than 2700 tweets (postings) from 51 newspapers have been analyzed for the study. In conclusion, the reporters seem to engage in service journalism and approach their audiences as citizens.
- Deuze, Mark (2003) The web and its journalisms: Considering the consequences of different types of news media online, New media & society 5(2), 203-230.
The article discusses online journalism and its effects on the journalism profession. Some key characteristics of online publishing such as hyper textuality, interactivity, and multimediality are explored. It is argued that online journalisms connect to broader and more profound changes and redefinitions of professional journalism and its culture as a whole.
- Fuchs, Christian (2011) An Alternative View of Privacy on Facebook. Information 2011, 2, 140-165.
In this article Facebook is analyzed with the help of an approach, in which privacy for dominant groups is seen as problematic, whereas privacy at the bottom of the power pyramid for consumers and normal citizens is seen as a protection from dominant interests.
- Hermida, Alfred (2010) Twittering the news. The emergence of ambient journalism. Journalism Practice 4(3), 297 –308.
The article claims that traditional journalism that defines facts as information and quotes official sources is now in flux. The author analyses for example micro-blogging as a new way for the reporters to engage with the readers. It is suggested that one of the future directions for journalism may be to develop approaches and systems that help the public negotiate and regulate the flow of awareness information, facilitating the collection and transmission of news.
- Kaplan, A. M., & Haenlein, M. (2010). Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media.Business Horizons, 53(1), 59-68.
The article intends to bring some clarification to what the term “Social Media” exactly means especially in the context of business and marketing. After defining the concept the authors try to classify social media into more specific categories by characteristic: collaborative projects, blogs, content communities, social networking sites, virtual game worlds, and virtual social worlds.
- Knight, Megan & Cook, Clare (2013) Social media for journalists. Principles & Practice. Los Angeles; London; New Delhi; Washington: Sage.
The book provides a toolkit for journalists working in networked environment. It focuses on issues such as citizen journalism, collaborative journalism and user-generated content, truth and verification, and freelancing and brand building.
- Lasorsa, Dominic; Lewis, Seth; Holton, Avery (2012) Normalizing Twitter: journalism practice in an emerging communication space, Journalism Studies 13(1), 19–36.
The article reports findings from a content analysis of more than 22,000 of tweets (postings) written by journalists on the microblog platform Twitter. These findings are then discussed from the point of view of traditional journalistic norms such as objectivity, accountability and transparency.
- Singer, Jane (2008) The journalist in the network: A shifting rationale for the gatekeeping role and the objectivity norm, Tri’podos 23, 2008, 61–76.
The article suggests that professional ethics have evolved to articulate and safeguard a traditional gatekeeping role that no longer exists. That is since the move to a networked media environment presents a range of challenges to journalistic routines, roles, and norms.